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小学英语日常交际用语(1)
2018-09-20
一、日常问候和答语

1. Hello/ Hi你好。

3. Good morning/ afternoon/evening.   早上/下午/晚上好。

4. How are you(this morning/afternoon/evening)?    你今天早晨/下午/晚上好吗?

5. Fine, thank you/ thanks. 我很好,谢谢。

6. Not bad, thank you. 不错,谢谢。

7. How do you do? 你好。

8. Nice to meet /see you. 很高兴认识/见到你。
 

二、告别、祝福和答语

1. Goodbye/Bye . 再见

2. See you! (See you later!)再见,回头见。

3. Good night. 晚安。

4. Happy birthday! 生日快乐!  Thank you!谢谢!
5. Happy New Year! 新年快乐!  Happy New Year!/ The same to you!(大家共同的节日)

6. Happy Children’s Day!  Happy Women’s Day!

7.Merry Christmas! 圣诞快乐!

 

三、介绍和谈论人物

1. My name is…/ I’m… 我的名字是…/ 我名叫…

2. This is Miss/ Mr/ Mrs… 这位是…小姐/先生/女士。

3. This is my friend. 这是我的朋友。

4. He/ She is …  他是/她是…

 

四、询问

 
1)姓名

1. What’s your name, please? 你的名字是什么?    My name is …
2. What’s his/her/its name? 她/他/它叫什么名字?  Her/His/Its name is …

2)年龄

1.How old are you? 你多大了?  I’m…

2. How old is he/she/it? 她/他/它多大?  She /He/ It is …

3) 生日

1.When is your /his/her birthday?  It’s July 1st.

4) 出处

1. Where is/ are ….from?   She is from American. 她来自美国。
2. Where do/does… come from?  She is from American. 她来自美国。

5) 人物

1. Who is he ?  He is my brother. 他是我弟弟。

6)职业

1. What is he?   He is a doctor. 他是医生。
2. What does he do? He is a doctor.
3. What’s his job?  He is a doctor.

7)外貌

1. What is he like?  He is short and thin. 他很矮很瘦。

8) 喜好

1. What do/does he like?  He likes English.
2. Do/does …like English?  Yes, he does/ No, he doesn’t.

9) 事情

1. What’s the matter with you? 你怎么啦?  I have a cold.我感冒了。

 
1)颜色

1.What colour is /are …? It’s / They are blue.
2. Is your pen blue?  Yes, it is./ No, it isn’t.

2)位置

1. Where is /are …?  It’s / They are on the desk.
2. Is /Are … in/ on/under/…?  Yes, it is ./ No, it isn’t.

3) 名称

1. What’s this?   It’s a computer.
2. What are these/those?   They are…
3. Is this/ that…?     Yes, it is. / No, it isn’t.
4. Are these/ those…?  Yes, they are. / No, they aren’t.

4) 数量

1. How many boys are there in your class?   Fifteen.

5) 价格

1. How much is this dress?  It’s 5 yuan. 5元

 
其他
1)天气

1. What’s the weather like in Beijing?  It’s sunny.
2. How is the weather?  It’s sunny.
3. Is it sunny? Yes, it is. No, it isn’t.

2) 时间

1. What time is it now ?  It’s 5 o’clock.

3)季节

1.Which season is it?  It’s summer.
2. Which season do you like best? Summer.
3. What’s your favourite season? Summer.

4) 日期

1.What’s the date?  It’s May 5th.

 

五、道歉和答语

1. I’m sorry. 对不起。

2. Sorry, I don’t know. 对不起,我不知道。

3. Excuse me. 对不起,打扰一下。

4. I have a cold. 我感冒了。 I’m sorry to hear that. 我很遗憾听到这个消息。
 

六、感谢和答语

1. Thank you./ Thanks. 谢谢。

 You’re welcome. 不用谢。/ That’s OK. 没关系。

2. It’s very kind of you (to help me ). 帮助我你真是太好了。