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英语中时间点的表达
2018-09-20
时间是我们每天都会关注的事情,那么怎么用英语表达确切的时间呢?

一. 时间点的表达

1、所有的时间都可以用“小时 + 分钟”直接读:

6:10 six ten

8:30 eight thirty

2:40 two forty

2、如果所表述的时间在半小时之内,可以用“分钟 + past + 小时”:

6:10 ten past six

4:20 twenty past four

10:25 twenty-five past ten

3、如果所表述的时间在半小时之外,可以用“(相差的)分钟 + to + (下一)小时”:

10:35 twenty-five to eleven

5:50 ten to six

9:49 eleven to ten

4、如果所表述的时间恰好为半小时,可以用“half + past + 小时”:

11:30 half past eleven

2:30 half past two

5、如果所表述的分钟和15有关,就有三种表达法:

(15分钟又叫一刻钟:a quarter)
9:15 nine fifteen ; fifteen past nine ; a quarter past nine
3:45 three forty-five ; fifteen to four ; a quarter to four

6、整点的表达:

现在是两点整。It's two./It's two o'clock.

另外英语中的 noon 和midnight 可分别直接表示白天和夜晚的12点:
It's (twelve) noon. 现在是中午十二点。
It's (twelve) midnight. 现在是半夜零点。

7、大约时间:

It's almost two. 马上到两点了。

It's not quite two. 还不到两点。

It's just after two. 刚过两点。

8、若想表明是上午,可在时间后加上a.m.

如:thirteen past six a.m.(上午六点十三分)。

若想表明是下午,可在时间后加上p.m.

如:four o'clock p.m.(下午四点)。

9.句子范例

1. It's nine forty-five. =It's a quarter to ten.
2. It's two seventeen. =It's seventeen past two.
3. It's three. =It's three o'clock.
4. It's nine thirty. =It's half past nine.
5. It's six fifteen. =It's a quarter past six.
6. It's three fifty. =It's ten to four.